90 Years of Winnie the Pooh


Today marks the 90th anniversary since Winnie the Pooh was first published. 90 years on and Pooh and his friends are just as big as they were when they first made their appearance and there is no sign of them slowing down.

The original stories Milne published in the 1920s are still being printed today and the same words that children and adults fell in love with are being loved all over again in a new century, a new millennium and multiple generations later. Personally, I would love to own a copy of the original edition, see the drawings from Shepard and read the story from the original book. It would awesome but I’m sure for a good copy would be a few hundred at least..

The lasting success of Winnie the Pooh is no real surprise, when it was published it was a best seller. The story of Winnie the Pooh and friends is timeless and is filled with the right balance of wisdom, absurdity, silliness, and heart.

Both the British and American editions (Methuen & Co and Dutton respectively) were published on the same day and went on to tremendous success. Critics hailed the book a masterpiece, all except Dorothy Parker who found Milne’s work pretentious.

pooh-first-edThe first edition was bound in dark green cloth with a gilt border and vignette to the front cover, also with gilt at the top edges of the pages. Originally it also had a dust cover, which is now incredibly rare. Deluxe editions were also published the same year in either blue, green, or red, and had a slip-case replacing the dust wrapper. There were also 350 limited edition copies produced that were signed by both author and illustrator.

In the years since publishing the book has been adapted and translated numerous times, it was even translated into Latin. Translator Lénárd Sándor (Alexander Lenard) from Hungary published the translation in 1958 and it was called Winnie ille Pu. Two years later it became the first foreign language book to be featured on the New York Times Best Seller List, and the only Latin book ever to be featured.

Most of the characters we know and love today were introduced in this first book. Pooh, Rabbit, Eeyore, Piglet and Owl are all mentioned, and one of the later chapters introduces Kanga and Roo. Interestingly Tigger is not introduced until the sequel. All the characters are toys except Owl and Rabbit, Milne called these two his “own unaided work” drawn from the natural world. This is also why they are depicted as real animals, not toys like the others.

A lot of Milne’s inspiration for Winnie the Pooh came from around him, his son, certainly the toys, but the setting is also inspired by real life. The setting of the stories is the 100 Acre Wood which Milne based on the real life Ashdown forest near Sussex. Milne bought a country home near the forest and took regular trips there with his family and stayed there during the spring and the summer. The forest inspired Milne and he used it in both of his Winnie the Pooh books, with many places being replicated as part of the fictional 100 acres.

The book is fairly short, ten chapters/adventures in total and each written in that peculiar Milne way. I have always loved Milne’s writing style, the random capitals when Things happen or Something needs doing, and the cleverness when jokes are woven in there for adults while the kids enjoy a different aspect. It is deceptively simple I think and that is what makes it charming.

One can only imagine what the 100th anniversary will bring for this little book, but with such achievement already surely it is only going to get better from here.

Misquotes and Misattribution

I’ve mentioned in previous posts over the years the inaccuracies between quotes attributed to Milne and Winnie the Pooh. For some reason Milne has become the new Mark Twain where quotes become their’s whether or not they actually are. I probably helped spread some of these wrong quotes in past posts but I try to correct them when I realise.

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Not a quote from Milne

I have a few theories on how these wrong quotes get spread around. Aside from Milne getting credit when a line is spoken in a Disney film, another theory is that people were placing quotes over Winnie the Pooh pictures and that started it, or maybe they think things sound like a Milne quote and they aren’t.

Websites like MyTownTutors that have ‘Great A. A. Milne Quotes‘ are great and all but the fact that barley any of those quotes are actually from Milne is only perpetuating these misquotes. Thankfully people on the internet have done some of the work for me so I don’t need to spend a week checking them all. Of the 59 listed on the MyTownTutors website only 14 were from ANY of the four Milne books. Another dozen or so were paraphrased or variations on the real quote. The rest weren’t Disney or Milne. One I know to be false is “How lucky I am to have something that makes saying goodbye so hard.” Not Milne or Disney but a 1975 movie..

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Not Milne, actually from Disney’s Pooh’s Grand Adventure

This Buzzfeed quiz tests your knowledge of Pooh against other great quotes. The only problem is, none of those attributed to Pooh are actually from Milne. There is one that comes close, paraphrased incredibly but as close as the rest get. The popular quote “Rivers know this: there is no hurry. We shall get there some day” is simplified a bit from the House at Pooh Corner quote “By the time it came to the edge of the Forest, the stream had grown up, so that it was almost a river, and being grown-up, it did not run and jump and sparkle along as it used to do when it was younger, but moved more slowly. For it knew now where it was going, and it said to itself, “There is no hurry. We shall get there some day.”

There was even a Quotation Audit done to Winnie the Pooh’s Goodreads page that assessed what was correct attribution and what wasn’t. The result was that 14 quotes (just over one fifth of all those listed) that were not from any Milne publication nor Disney movie. Then the rest were from House at Pooh Corner, a different book entirely, but at least it was a Milne work.

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Not a Milne or Disney

There is a list of Essential and Authentic Milne Quotes that are just as beautiful and funny as the incorrect ones. I’m not sure if there is a way to stop the spread of misattribution, but it’s not for lack of trying. There are a few sites dedicated to clearing up this confusion. I’ve mentioned Pooh Misquoted in the past, and the DailyKos page is another good one that tries to weed out the true from the not. They are few and far between but a great source to make clear Milne didn’t write every single Pooh quote, nor as it turns out, has Disney.

As the wise Abraham Lincoln once said:

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Fun Facts About Winnie the Pooh

There are many fun facts I could share but since I have already mentioned some of them in my previous posts I will leave them out to avoid too many cross overs. These can be some lesser known facts about Pooh.

I’ve included a few links below that have the more fun facts about Pooh Bear and his little empire and legacy.

Fun Fact #1
In the original Milne books, Winnie the Pooh was written as Winnie-the-Pooh. When Disney acquired the rights to animate the character they dropped the hyphens and it soon became the more popular expression.

Fun Fact #2
It was after Milne’s death that his wife Daphe sold the rights to Disney. Walt’s own daughters were said to be fans of the Milne stories which led Disney to want to share the stories. Daphne then destroyed all of Milne’s papers to preserve family privacy.

Fun Fact #3
Real Life magazine reported that two hundred hundred Disney artists used 1.2 million pencils to sketch the 1968 animated movie Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day. This short film went on to win an Academy Award in 1969.

Fun Fact #4
Pooh was the first fictional character to have licensing rights sold overseas. Stephen Slesinger purchased the U.S and Canadian rights to the character in January 1930. Milne was paid the generous sum of $1,000 in advance, and the promise of 66% of any income Slesinger made. 18 months later, Winnie the Pooh had become a $50 million-a-year business (around $720 million today).

Image result for slesinger winnie the poohFun Facts #4.1
Slesinger created the first Pooh doll, record, board game, puzzle, radio broadcast, animation, and film. After his death in the 1950s, Slesinger’s widow Shirley took over the business and launched her own licensing campaigns. In 1961 and 1983, Stephen Slesinger, Inc. licensed certain Pooh rights to the Walt Disney Company.

Fun Fact #5
The fictional Poohsticks played in the book is now a real sport played worldwide with its own world championships.

Fun Fact #6
The skull of the real bear Winnie was displayed at the Being Human Festival in London for the first time in 2015.

Fun Fact #7
Most of the locations in the stories are based on real places you can visit in Ashdown Forest: the Hundred Acre Wood is the Five Hundred Acre Wood and Galleon’s Leap is Gill’s Lap. Roo’s sandpit
and Poohsticks Bridge are also real places to visit.

Fun Fact #8
Image result for pooh star hollywoodWinnie the Pooh has his own star on the Hollywood walk of fame, being one of only fifteen fictional characters to do so.

Fun Fact #9
The most successful translation of the books remains the Latin one from 1958. Upon release the book became a huge hit, with one critic describing it as “the greatest book a dead language has ever known”, and Time Magazine calling it “a Latinist’s delight, the very book that dozens of Americans, possibly even 50, have been waiting for.”

Image result for winnie the pooh original shepardFun Fact #10
E. H. Shepard’s original drawings are worth an incredible amount at auction. The highest price was paid in 2014 when $292 727 was paid for the image entitled “For a long time they looked at the river beneath them…” depicting Pooh, Christopher Robin, and Piglet playing Poohsticks.


More Fun Fact Fun

10 Fun Facts About Winnie the Pooh

5 Fun Facts About Winnie the Pooh

Fun Facts About Winnie the Pooh

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Winnie the Pooh

11 Things You May Not Know About Winnie the Pooh

Winnie the Pooh Fact Sheet

50 Facts about Winnie the Pooh

Who Was E. H. Shepard?

Image resultErnest Howard Shepard is as connected to the tales of Winnie the Pooh is as A. A. Milne or Christopher Robin is. The illustrator was the first to bring Pooh to life in Milne’s poems and stayed with the bear through all his publications.

Born 10 December 1879, drawing was always a passion of Shepard’s. As a child he attended St Paul’s School, but after showing artistic promise and a love for drawing he enrolled in Heatherley’s School of Fine Arts. From here he won a scholarship to the Royal Academy Schools which was where he met Florence Eleanor Chaplin, the woman who would become his first wife.

He enlisted in World War I and sent jokes back from the battle to Punch magazine. Upon his return he was offered a position on staff which is where he was introduced to Milne. Shepard contributed to Punch for more than 50 years with 33 of them as staff. Shepard continued working into his 90s even after he left Punch. He worked on the Pooh books, and in other places as an illustrator, but he also produced two books himself in his 80s titled, Ben and Brook and Betsy and Joe.

Shepard was not only the one who brought Milne’s characters to life; he also illustrated Kenneth Grahame’s Wind in the Willows and other Grahame books. I remember discovering that when I studied Wind in the Willows at uni and I was surprised I’d never notice before. It’s hard to imagine these books with any other style. Milne originally didn’t think Shepard’s drawing style was any good, describing him as “perfectly hopeless” as an artist. But eventually Milne saw the magic in the drawings, so much so he even added a special verse to Shepard’s own copy of Winnie the Pooh. The verse read:

“When I am gone
Let Shepard decorate my tomb
and put (if there is room)
Two pictures on the stone:
Piglet from page a hundred and eleven,
And Pooh and Piglet walking (157) . . .
And Peter, thinking they  are my own,
Will welcome me to heaven.”

Which in itself makes me teary because I love these characters so much they are so sweet and adorable and I am so glad Milne loved him as an illustrator. This wish didn’t end up happening because Milne was cremated and I don’t think anyone knows where his ashes are, but the sentiment remains. (I tried very hard to find exactly which images these were but only found some that are most likely.) Grahame also adored him, having gone through three other artists before finding Shepard. He said Shepard didn’t make his characters look like puppets, he made them real.

Possible pg. 111 image. My edition of course doesn’t match up.

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Possible pg. 157 image. It’s the final one of the book.

When he was 90, Shepard donated 300 of his preliminary sketches for the Pooh drawings to the Victoria and Albert Museum where they went on display in 1969. After being exhibited around the world these sketches are now published as The Pooh Sketch Book which is edited by Brian Selby, one of the authors of the new Pooh stories.

While the original drawings of Pooh were line drawings, Shepard also made new coloured versions for the 1973 editions of Winnie the Pooh and the 1974 House at Pooh Corner. These editions also contained brand new line and colour drawings by Shepard.

Shepard died in the 50th year anniversary of Winnie the Pooh in 1976 which is a little sad. So this also makes it the 40th anniversary since Shepard’s death. Like Milne, Shepard will live on through his famous work with Pooh as well as with Grahame’s books, and as we’ve seen with new Pooh stories, artists continue to try and capture the magic of those original illustrations.

Who Was A. A. Milne?

Image result for a. a. milneA. A. Milne is a name synonymous with Winnie the Pooh, it’s my first thought when I hear his name certainly. But Milne was much more than just the author of children stories.

Alan Alexander Milne was born 18 January 1882 to parents John Vine Milne and Sarah Marie Heginbotham. He grew up at Henley House School, a school which his father ran, and interestingly was taught by H. G. Wells who was a teacher there for a short time.

After finishing school and university, Milne wrote and contributed for numerous magazines, gaining the attention of the humour magazine Punch where he submitted poems and stories before joining the staff as assistant editor a few years later.

Milne married Dorothy “Daphne” de Sélincourt in 1913 and his son, Christopher Robin, was born in 1920 and Milne started writing poems and stories about him and his toys when he was around 4 years old.

The success of Winnie the Pooh has overshadowed much of Milne’s life, not only his service in both World Wars, but also the fact that he was an established author before and after Winnie the Pooh. Milne wrote novels and non-fiction as well as poems, plays and screenplays and other short story collections. He was an early screenwriter for the emerging British film industry and when he wasn’t writing, even played for the amateur English cricket team the Allahakberries alongside authors J. M. Barrie and Arthur Conan Doyle and a host of other famous figures. A full list of his published works can be found here.

Sadly, the wonderful and successful life of Milne is dampened by the fact a stroke and brain surgery in 1952 left him an invalid. Milne died a few years later in 1956 when he was 74 years old. Of course his name and his creations in Pooh Bear will live on forever, and even though he was not that impressed by being only really known for his children’s stories, I like to think he was glad in a way to have made such an impact when he said “I suppose that every one of us hopes secretly for immortality; to leave, I mean, a name behind him which will live forever in this world, whatever he may be doing, himself, in the next.” Looking at the everlasting success of Winnie the Pooh I think Milne’s immortality is set in stone.

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